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aerial photograph of Harlech Castle Wales UK. Built 1282 to 1289 by Edward I as part of his Iron Ring around North Wales. The castle held out against the siege of Madog ap Llywelyn between 1294–95, but was captured by Owain Glyndwr in 1404. Glyndwr's used it as his headquarters until it was recaptured by English forces in 1409.During the Wars of the Roses, the castle was held for seven years by the Lancastrians , before being taken by the Yorkists in 1468. It was this siege that was referred too in the song Men of Harlech. During the the English Civil War the castle was held the Royalists until it surrendered to the Parliamentarians in 1647, the last fortification to surrender.